​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Suspension and expulsion increase a student’s risk for disengaging with thei​r learning.  Research indicates that disciplinary consequences are being disproportionately​ applied  to students with disabilities. The information and resources on this page are int​ended to​​​​ raise awareness and support positive changes in disciplinary​ policy and ​practice.​


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​​Nat​ional ​Resources

National Education Policy Center

Discipline Policies, Successful Schools, & Racial Justice

US Department of Education

School Climate and ​Discipline​

Michigan Resources

Michigan Department of Education Recommends - Suspensions and Expulsions

Supporting Student Behavior - SBE Policy on Seclusion and Res​traint

​Oakland Schools Resources



Click here​ for 

Manifestation Determination Review (MDR)

Interim Alternative Education Setting (IAES)

Discipline Tracking Log