Bullying 101


Bullying is an act of aggression with three specific characteristics:
  1. Unwarranted and intentional act to do harm to an individual. 
  2. Repetitive (or likely to be repeated) action involving the same or a different targeted person. 
  3. Involves an imbalance of power, where the person engaging in bullying behavior perceives her/himself to be superior to the person targeted.
All three characteristics must be present in order for an aggressive behavior to be bullying.


  1. Physical bullying involves hitting, shoving, pushing, tripping, and other kinds of force. 
  2. Verbal bullying involves hurtful comments, name-calling, teasing, and making threats. 
  3. Social bullying involves using relationships to hurt someone, including embarrassing someone in public, excluding someone from participation, and spreading rumors.
  4. Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place using electronic technology. Electronic technology includes devices and equipment such as cell phones, computers, and tablets as well as communication tools including social media sites, text messages, chat, and websites. 

  1. Those who are bullied
  2. Those who bully
  3. Those who bully and are bullied
  4. Those who witness: support, reinforce, stand by, defend

  • One of every five American teens and one of every four Michigan teens are bullied. https://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline/app/
  • Incidents of verbal, social and cyberbullying become more frequent as children age, while physical bullying decreases. Furthermore, girls engage in social (relational) bullying behaviors earlier than boys. http://www.prevnet.ca/research/fact-sheets/age-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-bullying
  • Bullying peaks in middle school. https://www.stopbullying.gov/news/media/facts/

Bully-Free Schools: A Circle of Support for Learning
November 29, 2018 and February 13, 2019
Online registration and more information coming soon

Beyond Bullying
February 6, 2019
Online registration and more information coming soon